Hello everyone and welcome to another Italian lesson! Today we are going to talk about the Italian verbs ending in -ere.
As you already should know there are three different types of verbs in Italian:
- Verbs that have infinitive ending in -are;
- Verbs that have infinitive ending in -ere;
- Verbs that have infinitive ending in -ire.
The majority of verbs in Italian end in -are, like parlare (“to speak”). They are said to belong to the first conjugation. (There are also verbs that end in -ere and -ire. These belong to the second and third conjugations respectively).
To conjugate a verb in Italian, you need to remove the -are, -ere, -ire ending from the infinitive (the form that you find in the dictionary). What is left is called the stem, which does not change in the vast majority of Italian verbs. The stem serves as the base to which we add endings; there is a different ending for each person.
Italian verb ending in -ere: Prendere (To Take)
For example, let’s take into consideration the verb “prendere” (to take).
The stem of this verb is PREND (PREND/ERE). Therefore, we have to add to this stem all the different ending, which are:
Hence, the Present Tense of the verb prendere is:
Verb CREDERE (To Believe)
Verb SCRIVERE (To Write)
Verb VEDERE (To See)
Verb RISPONDERE (To Reply/ To Answer)
We use the Present Tense for:
- events happening in the present
- habitual actions
- current states of being and conditions
- actions planned to occur in the future
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